A Checklist and Bibliography of the Megaloptera and Neuroptera of Florida
by Lionel Stange

INTRODUCTION: There have been 81 species in 37 genera of Megaloptera and Neuroptera identified from Florida. The families Chrysopidae and Myrmeleontidae are especially well represented, the latter family has the best representation in Florida of the fauna east of the Mississippi River. The only doubtful record is that of the chrysopid Eremochrysa punctinervis (McLachlan), indicated for Florida by Banks (1950). No verification of this species for Florida has been made. Two species, Coniopteryx dorsicornis Johnson and Mantispa floridana Banks, appear to be limited to Florida although the latter species may not be valid. Other species are either found in other states of the Austroriparian zone or are shared with islands in the Caribbean. The Caribbean fauna is found mostly on the Keys and consists almost exclusively of the Chrysopidae and Myrmeleontidae. The most recent addition to the Florida fauna is Megalomus parvulus Kimmins, a species described from St. Vincent and is probably found also on Cuba. Some of the Florida fauna has been especially treated by Stange. These include the families Coniopterygidae (Stange 1981), Hemerobiidae (MacLeod & Stange 1981), Myrmeleontidae (Stange 1980a, b; 1983; Lucas & Stange 1981) and Sialidae (Stange 1990). Distributions are based on Penny et al (1997) and specimens in the Museum of Entomology (FSCA).

Bibliography

 

1. Corydalis cornutus (Linnaeus) 1758:551 (as Hemerobius).
Types (s) (sex unknown), Pennsylvania, U.S.A., DeGeer (London).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: PQ. MEXICO. USA: AL, DC, FL, GA, KS, LS, MD, MN, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, SC, TX, VA, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Columbia; Gasden; Gilchrist; Hardee; Liberty; Okaloosa; Orange; Suwannee.

 

2. Chauliodes pectinicornis (Linnaeus) 1763:412 (as Hemerobius).
Type(s) sex unknown), no locality (Tring)
=Hemerobius virginiensis Drury 1773:2.(after Davis 1903:461).
Type(s) (sex unknown), no locality (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: USA::AL, DE, IA, IL, FL, KS, ME, MD, MI, MO, MD, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, WS, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Liberty; Santa Rosa;

3. Chauliodes rastricornis Rambur 1842:444.
Holotype female, no locality data, Selys Collection Brussels).
=Hermes indecisus Walker 1853:204 (after Davis 1903:460).
Type(s) (sex unknown), no locality data (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AL, FL, GA, IA, IN, KS, ME, MO, MS, NC, NE, NY, NH, RI, SC, SD, TN, VA, WS .
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Duval; Highlands, Hillsborough; Liberty; Okaloosa; Putnam .

4. Nigronia serricornis (Say) 1824:307 (as Chauliodes).
Type(s) (sex unknown), Arkansas, Minnesota, Sasatchewan, etc. (Depository unknown).
=Neuromus maculatus Rambur 1842:442.
Holotype female, no locality data (Brussels).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: MB. USA: AR, CT, DC, FL, GA, OH, IN, KS, ME, MS, MN, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Liberty; Okaloosa.

Adults of family are called alder-flies and most of the species of the world have the same general appearance averaging about one inch in length with smoky black wings. The larvae are aquatic predators often surviving in heavily polluted waters. The family was studied by Davis (1903) and Ross (1937) with recent records from the eastern United States provided by Tarter et al (1978). Stange (1990) provided notes and distributional data for the Florida species. In Florida, nearly all of the specimens have been collected at light, fairly far from any streams with contrasts with the usual observations that the adults stay close to the water.

 

4. Sialis americana (Rambur) 1842:447 (as Semblis).
Holotype female, no locality data, Selys Collection (Brussels).
=Sialis ferrugineus Walker 1853:195.
Holotype (sex unknown), (BMN).
DISTRIBUTION: CT, DC, FL, GA, IN, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, PA, SC, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Baker; Marion; Santa Rosa.

 

5. Sialis joppa Ross 1937:67.
Holotype male, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Newfound Gap, North Carolina, 28.V.1934, T. H. Frison (Urbana).
DISTRIBUTION: CT, DE, FL, IL, LA, ME, MI, NC, NH, NY, PA, VT, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Liberty.

 

6. Sialis vagans Ross 1937: 76.
Holotype male, Columbia City, along Eel River, Indiana, 19.V.1936, Frison & Ross (Urbana).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: NB, NS, ON, PQ. USA: AR, CT, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, MD,ME, MI, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, VA, WS .
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Okaloosa.

 

 

1. Ascaloptynx appendiculatus (Fabricius) 1793:96 (as Ascalaphus).
Holotype female, Carolina, U.S.A. (BMNH).
=Ptynx juvenilis McLachlan 1891:509.
Type(s) (sex unknown), Texas, Belfrage (BMNH).
=Ptynx furciger McLachlan 1891:509.
Five syntypes, Arizona, Morrison (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: MEXICO. USA: AL, AR, AZ, FL, GA, MS, OK, TN, TX, SC, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Duval; Liberty; Monroe; Putnam.

 

2. Ululodes floridana (Banks) 1906a:99 (as Suhpalasca).
Holotype male, southern Florida (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, SC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Citrus; Dade; Highlands; Levy; Monroe.

 

3. Ululodes macleayana (Guilding) 1825:140 (as Ascalaphus).
Holotype male, Saint-Vincent, Antilles, VI.1824, Guilding (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN ISLANDS. USA: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, NJ; TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Escambia; Gulf; Dixie; Hamilton; Highlands; Lake; Lee; Leon; Levy; Marion; Monroe; Okaloosa; Santa Rosa.

 

4. Ululodes quadrimaculatus (Say) 1824:305 (as Ascalaphus).
Holotype female, Pennsylvania (MCZ).
=Ascalaphus quadripunctatus Burmeister 1839:1001.(after Weele 1908:247).
Type female, New York (MCZ).
=Colobopterus excisus Hagen 1887:153.
Holotype male, Florida, 1862, Uhler (MCZ).
=Ulula albifrons Banks 1901:172 (after Weele 1908:109).
Two syntype females, Phoenix, Arizona, 20.IX., Kunze (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, AR, AZ, DE, FL, IA, IL, KY, LA, MD, MI,MS, NE, OH, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Okaloosa; Santa Rosa; Taylor.

 

This small family contains one genus in North America, Lomamyia Banks, which was reviewed by Carpenter (1940). Four described species have been found in Florida. In addition, there are three undescribed species. The adults are similar to brown lacewings in general appearance but usually have falcate wings and the females sometimes have scale-like setae on the wings and legs. The eggs are stalked and layed on wood surfaces, usually near termite nests. Larvae are inquilines in dry-wood termite nests, where they feed by spraying a paralyzing chemical at the termite, and then sucking out the body fluids of the immobile prey (Johnson and Hagen, 1981). Adults are usually collected at lights or in flight traps.

 

5. Lomamyia banksi Carpenter 1940:260.
Holotype male,Clemson College, South Carolina, 30.IV.1932, Duncan (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, AZ, DC, FL, IL, IN, KS, LA, MI, MO, MS, NC, NY, SC, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Leon; Liberty; Santa Rosa.

 

6. Lomamyia flavicornis (Walker) 1853:278 (as Hemerobius).
Lectotype (without abdomen), North America (BMNH).
=Isoscelipteron pensylvanicum Brauer 1869:899.(after Navás 1929:26).
Type(s), Pennsylvania (Vienna).
=Lomamyia nearctica Navás 1913:19. (After Navás 1929:26).
Holotype male, Japhank (Long Island), New York, 23.IX.1911, De la Torre Bueno (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, DC, FL, GA, IN, KS, KY, LA, PA, MS, NJ, NY, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Highlands; Orange.

 

7. Lomamyia hamata (Walker) 1853:278 (as Hemerobius).
Holotype male, North America (BMNH).
=Lomamyia hubbardi Banks 1924:430. (After Carpenter 1940:265).
Holotype (sex unknown), Cedar Key, Florida, 5.IV.1878, Hubbard & Schwarz (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: FL, SC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands; Orange.

 

8. Lomamyia longicornis (Walker) 1853:281 (as Hemerobius).
Two syntype males, Georgia, Abbot (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: FL, GA, MS, NC, SC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Okaloosa.

 

All of the Florida species belong to the subfamily Chrysopinae which is characterized by having a tympanic organ ventrally near the base of the subcostal vein. Most of our species are greenish in color but this turns yellowish in time. For this reason the adults are called green lacewings. Adult chrysopids are morphologically very conservative, with many of the most taxonomically significant characteristics to be found in the male genital structures. Larvae are voracious predators and some are of significance in the biological control of insects. Abachrysa eureka Banks is a robust, brownish species, the larvae of which live in ant nests. Adults often feed on pollen and lay eggs on long stalks, usually singly. Some larvae carry packets of trash or corpses of their prey on their backs and are sometimes referred to as "trash bugs".

 

  • BELONOPTERYGINI

9. Abachrysa eureka (Banks) 1931:174. (As Chrysopa).
Holotype (sex unknown), Hope, Arkansas, Knobel (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, AR, FL, GA, MS, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Collier; Escambia; Hernando; Hillsborough; Highlands; Jackson; Lake; Leon; Liberty; Marion; Monroe; Okaloosa; Santa Rosa.

 

10. Nacarina robusta (Banks) 1906b:5 (as Chrysopa)
Type (?s), Tyron, North Carolina (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands; Okaloosa, Santa Rosa.

 

  • CHRYSOPINI

11. Ceraeochrysa cincta (Schneider) 1851:86. (As Chrysopa).
Syntype series, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Berlin; Brussels).
=Chrysopa bicarnea Banks 1920:338. (After Adams 1982b:72).
Holotype male, Miami, Florida, Moznette (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION:CARIBBEAN ISLANDS. SOUTH AMERICA. MEXICO. USA: Fl.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Dade; Highlands; Monroe.

 

12. Ceraeochrysa cubana (Hagen) 1861:215 (as Chrysopa).
Neotype male, Soledad, near Cienfuegos, Cuba, 6-20.VIII, N. Banks (MCZ), designated by Adams & Penny 1987:446.
=Chrysopa seminole Banks 1942:432. (After Adams 1982b:72).
Holotype, Marco, Florida, 24.VII, Mott (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN ISLANDS. USA: FL, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Monroe; Putnam.

 

13. Ceraeochrysa lineaticornis (Fitch) 1855:795 (as Chrysopa)
Holotype, New York (MCZ).
=Chrysopa puncticornis Fitch 1855:796. (After Banks 1907:27).
Type (s), New York (MCZ, not found).
=Allochrysa parvula Banks 1903:143. (After Adams 1982b:73).
Holotype male, Florida, Runnymede (MCZ).
=Chrysopa columbiana Banks 1903:150. (After Adams 1982b:73).
Holotype, Washingon, D.C. (MCZ).
=Chrysopa stichoptera Navás 1914:61. (After Bickley & MacLeod 1956:190).
Holotype, Long Island, Yaphank, New York, 10.VII.1913, Torre-Bueno (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: DC, FL, IN, MD, NC, NH, TN, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Liberty; Santa Rosa.

 

14. Ceraeochrysa smithi (Navás) 1914:105 (as Chrysopa).
Two syntypes, Grenadines, Union Island, W. Smith; West Indies, Mustiques (BMNH).
=Chrysopa neotropica Navás 1929:317. (After Adams 1982b:73).
Syntypes from Amapala, Hondura; La Unión, El Salvador; La Garita, Jalisco, Mexico; Colombia (Hamburg - destroyed).
=Chrysopa poeyi Navás 1924:330. (After Adams 1982b:73).
Holotype male, Havana, Cuba, Rio Almendares, 20.1923, Cervera (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN ISLANDS. MEXICO. USA:FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Dade; Highlands; Monroe.

 

15. Ceraeochrysa valida (Banks) 1895:517. (As Chrysopa).
Stwo syntypes, Baja California, Mexico (MCZ).
=Chrysopa bimaculata McClendon 1901:215 (after Adams 1982b:73).
Four syntypes, Laredo, Texas, VIII.1900 (depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN ISLANDS. SOUTH AMERIA. MEXICO. USA: FL, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Clay.

 

16. Chrysopa incompleta Banks 1911:340.
Syntypes, Beaufort, North Carolina, 15.V, Woglum; Raleigh, 15.VII, Sherman (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: FL, GA, IN, MA, MD, NJ, VA, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Hernando; Jackson; Liberty; Okaloosa; Santa Rosa.

 

17. Chrysopa nigricornis Burmeister 1839:980.
Holotype male, North America (Berlin).
=Chrysopa colon Fitch 1855:792. (After Hagen 1875:920).
Type (s), unknown data (MCZ).
=Chrysopa erythrocephala Banks 1898:201.(nec Rambur 1842:428). (after Bram & Bickley 1963:10).
Holotype, San Bernardino, California, VII.1897, Morse (MCZ).
=Chrysopa majuscula Banks 1906a:98.
New name for Chrysopa erythrocephala Banks.
=Chrysopa crotchi Banks 1938:76. (After Adams 1997)
Holotype female, Victoria, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, VII, Crotch (MCZ).
=Chrysopa vegeta Navás 1917:6. (After Adams 1997).
Type (s), Jemez Springs, New Mexico, 21.VI.1916, J. Woodgate (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, ON, PQ. USA: AL, CA, CO, DC; FL, IN, KS, MD, ME, MN, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, RI, VA, WS, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Putnam.

 

18. Chrysopa oculata Say 1839:45.
Type (?s), U.S.A. (Depository unknown).
=Chrysopa chlorophana Burmeister 1839:45 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Type (?s), North America (depository unknown).
=Chrysopa euryptera Burmeister 1839:980. (After Banks 1903:161).
Type (?s), ?North America (Halle).
=Chrysopa latipennis Schneider 1851:118 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Holotype, North America (Berlin or Frankfort).
=Chrysopa albicornis Fitch 1855:788 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Holotype, Mississippi (MCZ).
=Chrysopa illepida Fitch 1855:789 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Holotype female, New York or Illinois (MCZ).
=Chrysopa omikron Fitch 1855:789 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Holotype, New York (MCZ).
=Chrysopa xanthocephala Fitch 1855:790 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Holotype, New York or Michigan (MCZ).
=Chrysopa fulvibucca Fitch 1855:790 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Type (?s), New York (depository unknown).
=Chrysopa mississippiensis Fitch 1855:790 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Type (?s), Jackson, Mississippi, IV, Fitch (MCZ).
=Chrysopa bipunctata Fitch 1855:791 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Holotype, New York (MCZ).
=Chrysopa transmarina Hagen 1861:212 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Syntypes, La Chine, near Montreal, Ontario, Canada, Barnston; St.John, Newfoundland; Nova Scotia (types not located).
=Nothochrysa annulata MacGillivray 1894:169 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Type (?s), Wellesley, Massachusetts, VI (depository unknown).
=Chrysopa assimilis Banks 1898:202 (after Brooks & Barnard 1990:270).
Syntypes, Ashland and Hood River, Oregon (MCZ).
=Chrysopa mexicana Banks 1901:364 (after Adams 1997).
Six syntypes, Veracruz, Mexico, Thalpan,VII (MCZ).
=Chrysopa separata Banks 1911:341 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Syntypes, Chimeny Gulch, Golden, Colorado, Oslar; Pecos, New Mexico, 23. VI. Cockerell (MCZ).
=Chrysopa rubicunda Navás 1913:20 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:191).
Type (?s), Yapbang, Long Island, New York, 23.IX.1911, Torre Bueno (Barcelona).
=Cintameva conspersa Navás 1929:318 (after Penny et al 1997).
Holotype, Colombia, Behn, 3.XII.1900 (Hamburg, destroyed).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, NF, NS, ON, PQ, SK. MEXICO. USA: AB, AZ, ;CO, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, LA, MD, MN, MS, NC, NJ, NY,OH, OR, PA, TN, VA, WS, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Liberty; Okaloosa.

 

19. Chrysopa quadripunctata Burmeister 1839:980.
Type (?s), North America (Halle).
=Chrysopa sulphurea Fitch 1855:793 (after Banks 1903a:162).
Type (?s), New Jersey, IX (MCZ - not found).
=Chrysopa sichelii Fitch 1855:793 (after Banks 1903a:162).
Holotype, New York (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC. USA: DC, FL, IL, IN, KS, MD, MO, MN, NJ, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Citrus; Highlands; Marion; Okaloosa.

 

20. Chrysopa slossonae Banks 1924:432.
Syntypes, Hendersonville, North Carolina, Sherman; Franconia, New Hampshire, Slosson; Great Falls, Virginia (all MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, NC, NH, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Marion.

 

21. Chrysoperla externa (Hagen) 1861:221. (as Chrysopa).
Syntypes, California; Washington D.C., Mexico (MCZ - not found).
=Chrysopa lanata Banks 1910:154 (after Adams 1962:222).
Holotype male, Mendoza, Argenina, Jensen-Haarup Expedition (La Plata).
=Chrysopa graciana Navás 1919:301 (after Adams & Penny 1987:421).
Holotype, Alta Gracia, Argentina, II.1918, C.Bruch (La Plata).
DISTRIBUTION: LATIN AMERICA (widespread from Mexico to Argentina; Caribbean). USA: FL, SC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Lee; Liberty; Monroe; Palm Beach; Okaloosa; Polk. Also, Dry Tortugas.

 

22. Chrysoperla harrisii (Fitch) 1855:794. (As Chrysopa). Replacement name for C. perla Harris.
Type (?s), New York (MCZ).
=Chrysopa perla Harris 1841:197. Preoccupied by Chrysopa perla Linnaeus.
Holotype, New England (MCZ).
=Chrysopa stenostigma Navás 1914:61 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:755).
Holotype, Yaphank, Long Island, New York, 25.VII.1913 (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, ON. USA: AK, DC, FL, IN, KS, MI, MD, MO, NJ, NY, TN, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Leon; Levy; Liberty, Monroe, Okaloosa.

 

23. Chrysoperla plorabunda (Fitch) 1855:792 (as Chrysopa).
Types (?s), New York; Illinois (MCZ).
=Chrysopa robertsonii Fitch 1855:792 (after Banks 1903a:162).
Holotype, Oklahoma, Robertson (MCZ).
=Chrysopa pseudographa Fitch 1855:793 (after Banks 1903a:162).
Syntypes, Illinois, X (MCZ).
=Chrysopa illinoiensis Shimer 1865:208 (after Banks 1903a:162).
Type (?s), Illinois (depository unknown).
=Chrysopa californica Coquillett 1890:288 (after Smith 1932).
Type (?s), no data (USNM).
=Chrysopa simplex Navás 1908:402 (after Adams 1997).
Type (?s), Rocky Mountains, Joannis (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: AB, BC, MB, SK. USA: AK, CO, FL, IA, IL, IN, KS, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, OH, TN, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua.

 

24. Chrysoperla rufilabris (Burmeister) 1839:979 (as Chrysopa).
Syntypes, U.S.A. and Mexico (Hamburg, destroyed).
=Chrysopa interrupta Schneider 1851:76 (after Bram & Bickley 1963:6).
Holotype male, Pennsylvania (Berlin).
=Chrysopa attenuata Walker 1853:244 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Lectotype male, St. John's Bluff, east Florida, Doubleday (BMNH).
=Chrysopa repleta Walker 1853:244 (after Banks 1903a:161).
Holotype, Georgia, Abbot (BMNH).
=Chrysopa novaeboracensis Fitch 1855:794 (after Hagen 1866:395).
Holotype, New York (MCZ).
=Chrysopa tabida Fitch 1855:796 (after Hagen 1866:395).
Type (?s), U.S.A. (MCZ, not found).
=Chrysopa citri Ashmead 1880:12 (after Bickley & MacLeod 1956:194).
Holotype, Florida, Ashmead & Henshaw (MCZ).
=Chrysopa medialis Banks 1903:154 (after Bram & Bickley 1963:6).
Holotype female, High Island, Maryland, IX (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: NB, ON. USA: DC, FL, GA, IN, LA, OH, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NJ, NY, OH, VA, TN, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Citrus; Clay; Dade; Highlands; Lee; Monroe; Okaloosa; Orange.

 

25. Chrysopodes (Neosuarius) collaris(Schneider) 1851:80 (as Chrysopa).
Holotype, Puerto Rico (Berlin).
=Chrysopa thoracica Walker 1853:243 (after Adams & Penny 1987:156).
Holotype, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, Pierret (BMNH).
=Chrysopa krugii Kolbe 1888:173 (after Adams & Penny 1987:156).
Type (?s), Puerto Rico (Berlin).
=Chrysopa signatalis Banks 1911:342 (after Adams & Penny 1987:156).
Holotype female, Brownsville, Texas, VI, Schaeffer (MCZ).
=Chrysopa rufolinea Banks 1914:24 (after Adams & Penny 1987:156).
Holotype male, Cali, Colombia, 1000 m., Fassl (MCZ).
=Chrysopa acolhua Banks 1948:156 (after Adams & Penny 1987:156).
Holotype male, Pungarabato, Guerrero, Mexico, 1260 m., 22.VIII.1930, Paner (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. MEXICO. USA: FL, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Broward; Dade; Highlands; Monroe, Palm Beach.

 

26. Eremochrsa (Eremochrysaa) punctinervis(McLachlan) 1869:24 (as Chrysopa).
Holotype, Bosque County, Texas (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC. USA: AZ, CA, CO, FL, KS, NM.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: only mentioned for Florida by Banks (1950); unconfirmed.

 

27. Plesiochrysa brasiliensis (Schneider) 1851:83 (as Chrysopa).
Holotype female, Brazil (Berlin).
=Chrysopa bouvieri Navás 1924b:112 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, Costa Rica, P. Serre (Paris).
=Chrysopa antillana Navás 1924c: 39 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Note:This species appears to have been described only in a key.
=Chrysopa rata Lacroix 1926:68 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Paris).
=Chrysopa uribei Navás 1927:5 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, San Antonio de Tena, San Pedro Claver, Cundinamarca, Colombia (Barcelona, not found).
=Chrysopa scalaris Navás 1929b:26 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, Behn vend., Colombia, 3.XII.1900 (Hamburg, destroyed).
=Chrysopa yucatanesis Navás 1929b:28 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, Progreso, Yucatan, Mexico, 5.V.21905, Schwinghammer (Hamburg, destroyed).
=Chrysopa divergens Navás 1931:82 (after Adams 1982a:29).
Holotype, 8 km wsw San José, Farm La Caja, Costa Rica, V.1925 (Hamburg, destroyed).
DISTRIBUTION: BRAZIL. COLOMBIA. COSTA RICA. MEXICO. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: ????

 

  • LEUCOCHRYSINI

28. Leucochrysa (Leucochrysa) insularis(Walker) 1853:269 (as Chrysopa).
Holotype male, Jamaica (BMNH).
=Chrysopa virginica Fitch 1855:795 (after Adams 1977:97).
Holotype, Cartersville, Virginia, Culbertson (type probably lost).
=Nothochrysa phantasma MacGillivray 1894:170 (after Banks 1895:315).
Lectotype male, West Chop, Massachusetts, 8.VIII.1893 (MCZ).
=Leucochrysa cerverai Navás 1924a:325 (after Adams 1977:97).
Type (?s), Santiago de la Vegas, Habana, Cuba, 18.IX.1923, Cervera (MCZ).
=Allochrysa virginica ocala Banks 1938b:122 (after Adams 1977:97).
Holotype female, Lloyd Sink, Jefferson County, Florida, 9.VIII.1935, Fairchild (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION:CARIBBEAN. USA: AL, AR, DC, FL, IA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NY, SC, TN, VA, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Escambia; Highlands; Jackson; Liberty; Putnam; Santa Rosa.

 

29. Leucochrysa (Nodita) callotaBanks1915:626.
Holotype, Austin, Texas, 3.V.1901 (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Leon; Monroe;

 

30. Leucochrysa (Nodita) floridana Banks 1897b:184.
Holotype, Lake Worth, Florida (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, FL, MS, NC, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Palm Beach; Polk; Putnam.

 

31. Leucochrysa (Nodita) pavida (Hagen) 1861:216 (as Chrysopa).
Syntype series, Cordoba, Mexico, Saussure; South Carolina, Zimmerman (all in MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: MEXICO. USA: FL, IN, NC, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Hillsborough; Leon; Okaloosa; Putnam.

 

Adult coniopterygids generally are only two to three mm long, with reduced wing venation and a white powder covering the wings and body. The common name is dusky-wings and they are sometimes mistaken for white-flies in flight. They are most active near dawn and dusk, fluttering slowly between plants, where they lay eggs and feed on soft bodied insects. Eggs are usually laid singly on bark or leaves. They are one of the most abundant groups of Neuroptera in Florida but are less commonly collected since they are the smallest species of the Neuroptera. They are important predators of aphids, white-flies, mealybugs, scale insects and other small soft-bodied arthropods and this makes them one of the most important groups of Neuroptera for Biological Control. The Florida species have been reviewed by Stange (1981) but this is probably incomplete with the more species yet to be discovered in Florida. Some species are closely associated wtih a specific species of tree or bush. Meinander (1972, 1974, 1975, 1990) has covered the North American species in good detail.

 

32. Coniopteryx (Coniopteryx) dorsicornisJohnson 1980:183.
Holotype male, Archbold Biological Station, Highlands County, Florida, 30.III.-5.IV.1967, Frost (Pennsylvania).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands.

 

33. Coniopteryx (Xeroconiopteryx) diversicornisMeinander 1972:213.
Holotype male, Kerrville, Kerr County, Texas, 13.X.1953, Bottimer (USNM).
DISTRIBUTION: AZ, CA, FL, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands.

 

34. Coniopteryx (Coniopteryx) simpliciorMeinander 1972:261.
Holotype male, Kerrville, Kern County, Texas, VII.1953, Bottimer (USNM)>
DISTRIBUTION: COSTA RICA. USA: AR, CA, FL, GA, IN, MD, NY, TN, TX, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Highlands; Putnam.

 

35. Coniopteryx (Coniopteryx) westwoodi(Fitch) 1855:98 (as Aleuronia).
Type lost, New York.
=Malacomyza ventralis Navás 1912:198 (after Meinander 1972:263).
Type, White Plains, New York (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: MB. USA: FL, IN, ME, MI, MN, NJ, TN, TX, VA, WS.
FLORIDA RECORDS: Alachua; Highlands.

 

36. Parasemidalis fuscipennis (Reuter) 1894:13 (as Coniopteryx).
Holotype male, Finland (Helzinki).
=Parasemidalis annae Enderlein 1905:197 (after Meinander 1972:281).
Holotype female, Berlin, Germany (Berlin).
DISTRIBUTION: EUROPE. MEXICO. USA: AZ, CA, FL, MI.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands.

 

37. Semidalis vicina (Hagen) 1861:197 (as Coniopteryx).
Holotype female, Washington, D.C. (MCZ).
=Parasemidalis nigriceps Navás 1918:19 (after Meinander 1972:330).
Holotype female, White Plains, New York, 18.VII.1915 (Barcelona).
=Semidalis ribesi Ohm 1973:237 (after Meinander 1972:330).
Holotype male, Pyrénées orientales, above the Bains du Boulou, France, 27.V.1963 (Ohm Collection).
DISTRIBUTION: EUROPE. CANADA: AB, PQ. USA: CT, DC, FL, GA, KS, MA, ME, MI, MO, MN, MS, NC, NH, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Charlotte; Clay; Lake; Liberty; Hillsborough; Highlands; Martin; Polk; Volusia.

 

The dilarids, or pleasing lacewings, are a small group of very distinctive Neuroptera which appear like small moths. The adults are collected at lights whereas the very elongate larvae live under the bark of trees where they are presumed to feed on beetles. Males have distinctive plumose antennae whereas the females have long ovipositors which are recurved over the abdomen. The wings have long pilosity which imparts a "hairy" condition. In the New World, all of the species (Adams,1970) belong to the genus Nallachius Navás 1909. This genus has recently been found in South Africa. Otherwise, the old world fauna belong to a different subfamily, Dilarinae. Two species are found in North America (Penny et al, 1997). In Florida only N. americanus (McLachlan) has been found but it is possible that the Cuban species, N. pulchellus (Banks) may eventually be found in south Florida. Although rarely found, a long series was collected (40, 1) in the Ocala National Forest at lights by a moth collector.

 

39. Nallachius americanus (McLachlan) 1881:55 (as Dilar).
Holotype female, Bee Spring, Kentucky, VI.1874, Sanborn (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, IN, KY, MD, SC, VA, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Leon; Liberty; Marion; Okaloosa; Pasco.

 

Species of this family are called brown lacewings since the great majority are light to dark brown in coloration. They can be distinguished by wing venation since there are at least two or more apparent radial sectors in the forewing which is not duplicated in any other family, at least not in Florida. In Florida the adults are small to medium-sized insects (forewing length 3-9 mm) which are predaceous on usually soft bodied insects such as aphids, mealybugs and insect eggs. The larvae are voracious predators as well and the family is of some importance in biological control. Eggs are non-stalked, laid singly or in small groups and is usually in Neuroptera there are three instars. The first instar is active in all species, running fast waving its head from side to side. In some genera such as Sympherobius Banks and Megalomus Rambur, the later instars are relatively immobile. Florida has a relatively impoverished fauna with 12 known species (MacLeod & Stange, 1981). Megalomus parvulus Kimmins was found in 1995 in southern Florida. The most common species in Florida belong to Micromus Rambur since they frequent many agricultural systems such as alfalfa fields.

 

40. Hemerobius humilinus Linnaeus 1758:550.
Type lost.
=Hemerobius obliteratus Walker 1853:289 (after Carpenter 1940:201).
Holotype male, Georgia (BMNH).
=Hemerobius castaneae Fitch 1855:798 (after Carpenter 1940:201).
Holotype female, U.S.A. (MCZ).
=Hemerobius tutatrix Fitch 1855:798 (after Carpenter 1940:201).
Holotye male, U.S.A. (MCZ).
=Hemerobius gossypii Ashmead 1895:27 (after Carpenter 1940:201).
Lectotype female, Georgia (BMNH).
=Hemerobius algonquinus Banks 1924:429 (after Carpenter 1940:201).
Lectotype female, Hampton, New Hampshire, 6.III.1904, Shaw (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: EUROPE. JAPAN. CANADA: BC, MB, NF, NS, ON, PQ, SK, YT. USA: AB, AK, CO, DC, FL, GA, KS, ME, MN, ND, NJ, NY, SD, TN, TX, VA, WA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Okaloosa.

 

41. Hemerobius stigma Stephens 1836:112.
Lectotype, near Ripley, England (BMNH).
=Hemerobius crispus Walker 1853:288 (after Carpenter 1940:202).
Syntype male, North America (BMNH).
=Hemerobius stigmaterus Fitch 1855:797 (after Carpenter 1940:202).
Lectotype male, no locality data (MCZ).
=Hemerobius moestus Banks 1897a:25 (after Carpenter 1940:202).
Holotype female, Olympia, Washington, Kincaid (MCZ).
=Hemerobius dyari Currie 1904:85 (after Carpenter 1940:202).
Holotype female, Kaslo, British Columbia, Canada, 17.VII.1903 (USNM).
=Hemerobius simplex Banks 1906c:32 (after Carpenter 1940:202).
Lectotype male, Prescott, Arizona, Oslar, 18.V.1902 (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: EUROPE. CANADA: AB, BC, LB, MB, NF, NS, OMN, PQ, SK, YT. USA: AK, AZ, CA, CO, DC, FL, IA, ID, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, NM, NV, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Highlands; Liberty; Okaloosa.

 

42. Megalomus fidelis (Banks) 1897a:27 (as Hemerobius).
Holotype female, Gowanda, New York,25.VI., Van Duzee (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, ON. USA: DC. FL, IL, IN, MA, MD, MN, MS, NC, NH, PA, SC, TX, VA, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua.

 

43. Megalomus parvulus Kimmins 1935

 

44. Micromus posticus (Walker) 1853:283 (as Hemerobius).
Syntypes, Georgia (BMNH).
=Micromus insipidus Hagen 1861:199 (after McLachlan 1868:271).
Holotype, Chicago, Illinois, Osten Sacken (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: BERMUDA. CANADA: ON. MEXICO. USA: AZ, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, MA, MN, MO, NC, ND, NE, NY, PA, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Hillsborough; Liberty; Okaloosa; Orange; Palm Beach.

 

45. Micromus subanticus (Walker) 1853:282 (as Hemerobius).
Holotype male, St. John's Bluff, East Florida (BMNH).
=Micromus angustus Hagen 1889:287 (after Carpenter 1940:250).
Seven syntypes, Florida and North Carolina (MCZ & Ottawa).
=Micromus nesoticus Navás 1914:16 (after Carpenter 1940:250).
Holotype, Yaphank, Long Island, New York (Barcelona).
=Micromus haitiensis Smith 1931:800 (after Monserrat 1993).
Holotype female, Petionville near Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 17.II.1930, Dozier (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: AZ, CA, FL, IN, LA, MA, NC, NV, OH, SC, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Baker; Dade; Dixie; Highlands; Hillsborough; Lake; Martin; Okaloosa; Orange; Palm Beach.

 

46. Sympherobius amiculus (Fitch) 1855:799 (as Hemerobius).
Lectotype female, Salem, Washington County, New York, 20.VIII.1852, Fitch (MCZ).
=Sympherobius buenoi Navás 1912:198 (after Carpenter 1940:230).
Holotype, White Plains, New York (Barcelona).
DISTRIBUTION: CANDADA: NS, ON, PQ. USA: AL, AK, AZ, CO, DC, FL, GA, IA, IL, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, NE, NH, NJ, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, WS, WV.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Baker; Highlands; Levy; Okaloosa; Orange; Santa Rosa.

 

47.Sympherobius barberi (Banks) 1903b:241 (as Hemerobius).
Two female syntypes, Williams, Arizona, 20,21.VII, Barber & Schwarz (USNM).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AL, AZ, AR, CA, CO, FL, IA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MD, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK, OR, PA, SC, TX, UT, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Escambia; Orange.

 

48. Sympherobius occidentalis (Fitch) 1855:799 ( as Hemerobius).
Holotype, Henderson River, Illinois, 2.X.1854, Fitch (type lost).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, LA, MO, NC, NY, OH, PA, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Orange.

 

49. Sympherobius umbratus (Banks) 1903b:242.
Holotype male, Williams, Arizona, 10.VI (USNM).
=Sympherobius gracilis Carpenter 1940:231 (after Oswald 1988:430).
Holotype male, Raleigh, North Carolina, 11.VI.1934, Leiby (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AR, AZ, FL, GA, MO, NC, NM, PA, SC, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua.

 

Adult mantispids are easily recognized by their raptorial front legs. They superficially resemble small mantids, or in the case of Climaciella, they resemble Polistes wasps. Larvae have hypermetamorphosis, with active triungulins in the first instar becoming inactive scarabaeiform larvae in subsequent states. All of the Florida species belong to the Mantispinae and are spider egg sac predators, having several strategies for seeking out and entering the spider egg sacs (Redborg & MacLeod 1985). Most of our species have been described in Mantispa but recent studies (Hoffman, unpublished Ph.D. thesis) have placed them in other genera since Mantispa is restricted to the Old World.

 

50. Climaciella brunnea (Say) 1824:309 (as Mantispa).
Syntype male, St. Peter's River, Minnesota (depository unknown).
=Mantispa burquei Provancher 1875:247 (after Provancher 1877:174).
Type (?s), Quebec, Canada (depository unknown).
=Climaciella brunnea occidentis Banks 1911:348 (after Welch & Kondratieff 1991:70).
Syntype males, Golden, Chimney Gulch, Colorado, Oslar; Baker, Ormsby County, Nevada; Wawawai, Washington, Baker (all MCZ).
=Climaciella rubescens Stitz 1913:37 (after Handschin 1960:546).
Holotype, Tampico, Mexico (Berlin).
=Climaciella rubescens laciniata Stitz 1913:39 (after Handschin 1960:546).
Holotype, Mexico, Mexico (Berlin).
=Climaciella rubescens unicolor Stitz 1913:39 (after Handschin 1960:546).
Holotype, Sierra Mixteca, Mexico (Berlin).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, PQ. MEXICO. USA: AZ, CA, CO, FL, GA, ID, IL, KS, MO, NC, NJ, NV, NY, UT, WA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Collier; Dade; Dixie; Duval; Hillsborough;Levy; Liberty; Putnam; Taylor.

 

51. Mantispa floridana Banks 1897a:23.
Holotype, Lake Worth, Florida, Slosson (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Palm Beach.

 

52. Mantispa interrupta Say 1825:55.
Type (?s), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (type not located).
=Mantispa cincticornis Banks 1911:347 (after Welch & Kondratieff 1991:72).
Holotype female, near Brownsville, Texas, Snow (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AK, CO, FL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MS, NJ, NY, OK, SC, TX, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua: Bradford; Broward; Dade; Dixie; Hernando; Highlands; Indian River; Levy; Palm Beach; Polk; Putnam; Sarasota; Seminole; Volusia.

 

53. Mantispa pulchella (Banks) 1912:179 (as Mantispilla).
Holotype female, Eureka, Utah (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: CO, FL, GA, IL, NC, SC, UT.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Bradford; Jefferson; Leon; Liberty.

 

54. Mantispa sayi Banks 1897a:23.
Lectotype male, Brazos County, Texas (MCZ).
=Mantispa fuscicornis Banks 1911:347 (after Hoffman 1989:638).
Lecotype male, Kissimmee, Florida (MCZ).
=Mantispa uhleri Banks 1943:79 (after Hoffman 1989:638).
Holotype female, Pennsylvania (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AR, AZ, CO, CT, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, MD, MO, MN, \MS, NC, NE, NM, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, UT.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Highlands; Liberty; Putnam; Marion; Monroe; Seminole.

 

55. Mantispa viridis Walker 1853:227.
Holotype, East Florida (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, MS, SC, TX, VA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Hernando; Highlands; Leon; Liberty; Marion; Okaloosa: Putnam; Union.

 

The common name for this family, antlions or doodle-bugs, is based on the behavior of the pit-making larvae of the genus Myrmeleon Linnaeus. The six species of this genus found in Florida are the only antlions in the state to make pit-fall traps. Also, they can move only backwards which is a trait shared in Florida only with the two species of Vella Navás. This latter genus contains the largest species in Florida rivaling the Corydalus in size. Nearly all of the species in Florida live in sand or loose soil. Some species have specialized microhabitats such as Psammoleon minor Banks, the larvae of which live under palm fronds on the beach. The larvae of Dendroleon obsoletus (Say) and Glenurus gratus (Say) live in dry tree holes. The latter species is also common in the burrows of the gopher tortoise. There are twenty three species of antlions in Florida making Florida the most diverse state east of the Mississippi River. Five species are found only on the Florida Keys and also are found in many of the Caribbean islands. Specimens are commonly collected at light except for Myrmeleon species. The adults of this genus and many other groups can be found during the day on dry grasses and dry bush stems by sweeping the net through these areas. This is best done in the evening or early morning for better visibility as during the bright part of the day they are difficult to see. Adults of Vella rest on tree trunks or on posts. Stange (l980a, b) has given a general account of this family for Florida including keys to adults and larvae. Glenurus gratus was treated by Stange (1983) whereas Lucas & Stange (1981) have provided keys and descriptions of the Myrmeleon larvae occurring in Florida. All of the Florida species belong to the subfamily Myrmeleontinae.

 

  • ACANTHACLISINI

56. Paranthaclisis floridanus n. Sp.

 

57. Vella americana (Drury) 1837:1 unnumbered index page (as Myrmeleon).
Type (‘s), New York (depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, NC, NJ, NY, NC, OK, SC, TX, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Brevard; Broward; Highlands; Indian River; Levy; Liberty; Okaloosa; Pinella; Putnam; St. Johns.

 

58. Vella eggerti Esben-Petersen 1928:74 (as subspecies of fallax (Rambur).
Holotype female, St. Thomas, 10.VIII.1897 (Hamburg, destroyed).
=Vella fallax haitiensis Smith 1931:815 (after Stange 1997).
Holotype female, Jacmel, Haiti, V.1927, Wolcott (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Monroe.

 

  • DENDROLEONTINI

59. Dendroleon obsoletus (Say) 1839:44 (as Formicaleo).
Type (?s), U.S.A. (Type lost).
=Myrmeleon nigricinctus Rambur 1842:398 (after Hagen 1866:185).
Holotype, no locality data (type not located).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: CT, FL, IA, IL, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NM, NY, OK, PA, SC, VA, WS, WV.
.FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Leon; Marion; Sarasota.

 

  • BRACHYNEMURINI

60. Abatoleon indiges (Walker) 1860:189 (as Myrmeleon).
Holotype male, Haiti (BMNH).
=Nelees cubitalis Navás 1921:117 (after Smith 1931:816).
Holotype female, Playa Chivo, Habana, Cuba, 7.VII.1919, Cervera (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Monroe.

 

61. Brachynemurus abdominalis (Say) 1823:163 (as Myrmeleon).
Neotype male, Hope, Arkansas, 8.VI. Knobel (MCZ).
=Myrmeleon iniquus Walker 1853:330 (after Banks 1938c:413).
Holotype male, no locality data (BMNH).
=Myrmeleon salvus Hagen 1861:234 (after Banks 1907:31).
Lectotype male, Washingto, D.C. (MCZ).
=Myrmeleon juvencus Hagen 1861:234 (after Hagen 1888:57).
Holotype female, Pecos River, western Texas (now New Mexico), VII, Pope (MCZ).
=Brachynemurus tenuis Banks 1898:204 (after Banks 1938c:413).
Lectotype male, Mesilla, New Mexico, 28.VI.1897, Pope (MCZ).
=Hesperoleon placidus Navás 1915:51 (after Banks 1927:5).
Holotype male, Pt. Pleasant, New Jersey (depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: MB, ON. MEXICO. USA: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, FL, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MY, NC, ND, NE, NV, NY, OK, OR, PA, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WS, WY.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua.

 

62. Brachynemurus carolinus Banks 1911:349.
Lectotype female, Southern Pines, North Carolina (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Clay; Dade; Flagler; Franklin; Gilchrist; Highlands; Levy; Putnam.

 

63. Brachynemurus longicaudus (Burmeister) 1839:994 (as Myrmeleon).
Syntypes male, female, "Nord-Amerika:, Winthem collection (MCZ).
=Myrmecoleon irroratus Burmeister 1839:995 (after Hagen 1866:35).
. Two syntype female, South Carolina (Halle).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, IN, MS, NC, NJ, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Citrus; Flagler; Franklin; Gilchrist; Gulf; Hillsborough; Liberty; Marion; Martin; Nassau; Okaloosa; Pinellas; Putnam; St. Johns; Taylor; Union; Volusia.

 

64. Brachynemurus nebulosus (Olivier) 1811:127 (as Myrmeleon).
Type (?s), New York, Bofe (depository unknown).
=Myrmeleon talpinus Klug 1836: (after Hagen 1861:226).
Type (?s), South Carolina, Zimmerman (depository unknown).
=Myrmecoleon contaminatus Burmeister 1839:995 (after Hagen 1887:212).
Syntype females, South Carolina, Zimmerman (Halle).
=Myrmeleon conspersus Rambur 1842:387 (after Hagen 1861:226).
Holotype female, "l'Amerique septentrionale" (Brussels).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: ON. USA: FL, GA, IL, IN, LA, MI, MN, NC, NE, OH, OK, PA, TX, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Highlands; Levy; Madison; Marion; Putnam; Santa Rosa; Suwannee.

 

65. Brachynemurus ramburi Banks 1907:31.
New name for Myrmeleon nebulosus Rambur 1842.
=Myrmeleon nebulosus Rambur 1841:38(after Banks 1907:31).
Holotype female, "l'Amerique septentrionale" (Brussels).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Franklin; Highlands; Hillsborough; Lee; Okaloosa.

 

66. Brachynemurus seminolae Stange 1970:86.
Holotype male, St. Andrews State Park, Bay County, Florida, 30.VIII.1960, Stange (UCD).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Bay; Clay; Highlands; Putnam; Highlands.

 

67. Chaetoleon pumilis (Burmeister) 1839:995 (as Myrmecoleon).
Type (?s), South Carolina (Halle).
=Myrmeleon angusticollis Rambur 1842:399 (after Stange 1970:10).
Holotype female, "Bombay" (Brussels).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, NC, NY.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Levy; Liberty; Palm Beach.

 

MYRMELEONTINI

68. Myrmeleon carolinus Banks 1943:75.
Syntypes, Southern Pines, North Carolina, V-VIII, Manee; Millin, Scriben County, Georgia, VII. Morrison (all in MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, NC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Broward; Clay; Dade; Franklin; Gulf; Highlands; Levy; Liberty; Marion; Nassau; Okaloosa; Pasco; Pinellas; Putnam; St. Johns.

 

69. Myrmeleon crudelis Walker 1853:388.
Holotype, St. John's Bluff, Forida, Doubleday (BMNH).
=Myrmeleon tectus Walker 1853:378 (after Stange 1997).
Lectotype male, St. John's Bluff, Florida, Doubleday (BMNH).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, GA, MO, NC, NJ, NY, TX, VA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Bay; Collier;Dixie; Franklin; Hernando; Highlands; Lee; Liberty; Orange; Pinellas; Putnam; St. Johns; Union.

 

70. Myrmeleon immaculatus DeGeer 1773:564.
Type (?s), Pennsylvania, Acrelius (Stockholm).
=Myrmeleon melanocephalum Olivier 1811:127 (after (Hagen 1888:188).
Type (?s), environs of New York, New York, Bofe (depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: DC, FL, GA, MD, MI, MN, MO, NC, NH, NY, OH, OK, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Dixie.

 

71. Myrmeleon insertus Hagen 1861:233.
Syntypes, Cuba, Poey; Haiti, Port-au-Prince (all MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Monroe.

 

72. Myrmeleon invisus Walker 1853:379.
Holotype, no locality data (BMNH).
=Myrmeleon heriocles Banks 1915:618 (after Stange 1997).
Syntypes, Southern Pines, North Carolina, V (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, FL, NC, NJ.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Duval; Gilchrist; Putnam.

 

73. Mymeleon mobilis Hagen 1888:204.
Syntype male, female, Alabama, VII.1883, Lyon (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: AL, FL, GA, LS, MO, MS, NC, SC.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Dixie; Jackson; Highlands; Okaloosa; Orange; Putnam; Nassau; Sarasota; Seminole.

 

NEMOLEONTINI

74. Glenurus gratus (Say) 1839:45 (as Formicaleo).
Holotype, Evansville, Indiana, Corson (depository unknown).
=Myrmecoleon roseipennis Burmeister 1839:995 (after Hagen 1861:225).
Holotype, Nord Amerika (Halle).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: FL, IN, KY, MO, MS, NJ, OH, TN.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Highlands; Levy; Marion; Monroe; Orange; Putnam., St. Johns, Walton.

 

75. Psammoleon bistictus (Hagen) 1861:235 (as Myrmeleon).
Holotype, Cuba, Poey (depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Monroe. Also, Dry Tortugas.

 

76. Psammoleon decipiens Banks 1935:53.
Two syntypes: Millin, Scriven County, Georgia; Schreveport, Lousiana (both MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: FL, GA, LA.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Orange.

 

77. Psammoleon guttipes Banks 1906:99.
Holotype male, Tryon, North Carolina (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: USA: AK, FL, GA, KS, LA, MO, NJ, OK, SC, TX.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Clay; Dade; Highlands; Levy; Liberty; Okaloosa; Orange; Putnam.

 

78. Psammoleon minor Banks 1927:62.
Lectotype female, Loggerhead Key, Dry Tortugas, Florida, VI.1917 (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Monroe.

 

SISYRIDAE

The species of this family are commonly called spongilla-flies because the aquatic larvae are predators of freshwater sponges. The larvae have very elongate jaws which they insert into the cells of the sponges to suck out the liquid contents. The larvae have gills but leavae the water to pupate on nearby structures or vegetation. Adults are attracted to lights, often far from water. The taxonomy of the family was dealt with by Parfin & Gurney who recognized two genera in North America.

 

79. Climacia areolaris (Hagen) 1861:199 (as Micromus).
Neotype male, Grant, Oklahoma, 1.VII.1937, Standish and Kaiser (MCZ).
=Climacia dictyona Needham 1901:558 (after Carpenter 1940:255).
Lectotype male, Saranac Inn, New york, 28.VI.1900 (Cornell).
=Sisyra lampra Navás 1914:60 (after Parfin & Gurney 1956:486).
Type (?s), Lakehurst, New Jersey (type depository unknown).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: ON, PQ. USA: AL, AR, CO, CT, FL, GA, IL, IN, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NM, OH, OK, PA, TX, VA, VT, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Dade; Levy; Liberty; Marion; Okaloosa; Putnam; Santa Rosa.

 

80. Sisyra apicalis Banks 1908:261.
Holotype female, Havana, Cuba (MCZ).
DISTRIBUTION: CARIBBEAN. USA: FL, G, LA, MS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Baker; Dade; Marion; Monroe; Putnam.

 

81. Sisyra vicaria (Walker) 1853:297 (as Hemerobius).
Lectotype male, Georgia, Abbot (BMNH).
=Sisyra umbrata Needham 1901:555 (after (Carpenter 1940:254).
Lectotype male, Lake Forest, Illnois, 2.VI.1899 (Cornell).
DISTRIBUTION: CANADA: BC, NS, ON, PQ. USA: AZ, CT, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, NC, OK, OR, PA, RI, TN, TX, VA, WA, WS.
FLORIDA COUNTIES: Alachua; Highlands; Liberty; Marion; Putnam; Sarasota; Suwannee.

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 


Top of Page | Last updated 20 November, 2000